1. Avoid spaces that are CLOSED, CROWDED or involve CLOSE CONTACT;
Viral outbreaks have been often reported in crowded indoor settings where people talk loudly, shout, breathe heavily or sing. These environments are where the virus appears to spread by respiratory droplets or aerosols more efficiently, as they are crowded and inadequately ventilated. Meet people outside as much as possible. Outdoor gatherings are safer than indoor ones, particularly if indoor spaces are small and may not have cross ventilation.
2. Be conscious of your surrounding;
The best way to keep yourself safe is to be aware of your surroundings. The more familiar you are with your responsibilities, neighborhood, workplace and hangouts, the more aware you would be of the potential hazards around you. Knowing your surroundings and being aware of potential hazards will help you, your family and co-workers avoid unnecessary or dangerous situations.
3. Always use Personal Protective Equipment;
Endeavor to always wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Whether it is as small as earphones, or as large as a coverall suit, this PPE exists for a reason and as the name implies it is meant to protect you. Business owners are to also ensure their employees have adequate training on the need to stay safe and reduce risk.
4. Wear Protective Cloths;
Excessive exposure to the cold and dust that comes with the harmattan can increase the risk of illnesses like pneumonia, arthritis and rheumatism. This season also causes catarrh, sore throat, sneezing and the possibility of cough so it is best to limit exposure to the dry winds and dust. Asthma patients should also make sure to have their inhalers within reach at all times. Also protect yourself from the cold by wearing more wool-based / thick cloths as against cotton which is common and mostly suitable for other seasons.
5. Safe Travels;
If you plan to travel during the holidays, ensure your neighbours around the house know that you are leaving your house and give them your contact number in case of emergency. If your domestic workers will be in your house during your period of absence, please remember to also inform your neighbours so that they can report any suspicious behavior or security breaches. Make sure security lights around the house are switched on starting from 6pm till the next morning. It is beneficial to have an extra set of safety tools such as safety chains and padlocks that are mounted in places which are likely to be burgled. These extra safety tools need to be installed before leaving the house. It is also advisable not to announce the duration or other personal details of your holiday on social media.